Essential Words For The Bank PO Exam Part 9

DESPONDENCY

Noun :  the loss of hope or confidence

“When my husband died, i lived in a state of despondency for over a year.”

INSOLVENCY

Noun : state of being unable to pay your debts

“The bank charges interest on the insolvency of an account holder.”

VICARIOUS

Adjective : experienced rather than being gone through something

“John experienced vicarious pain as his wife gave  birth to their first child.”

Know more: It comes from the latin word ‘vicarius’ which means substitute.

INFECTIOUS

Adjective : something, which spreads so quickly through close contact

“The swine flu is an example of an infectious disease.”

NOMINAL

Noun : very small

“The court gave me a nominal award that didn’t cover the cost of my car repairs.”

. When you see the word think of small or school libraries and other organizations makes you to make small donations more often.

BOYCOTT

Verb : to remove support as a form of complaint

“During the boycott, the store had it’s lowest sales figures it’s forty year history.”

. It comes from the name of Charles C.  Boycott, an english land agent who refused to reduce rents for his tenants farmers.

AGGRIEVED

Adjective :  angry or resentful due to unjust treatment

“When the teacher accussed the wrong student of throwing the wad of paper, the aggrieved student’s face grew red with anger.”

PROXIMITY

Noun : the nearness of one thing or person to another

“Because of the town’s proximity to the airport, its property values are really low.”

. It comes from the latin word ‘proximus’ “nearest” which also gives us approximate, “close to the actual”.

SIMPLETON

Noun : an unintelligent or foolish person

“The simpleton was so clueless, he didn’t realize that paper was made out of wood.”

. A simpleton is the exact opposite of a genius so think of any stupid person in your life.

ANTAGONIZE

Verb : to trigger hostility or fear or anger

“If you antagonize the dog, he will bite you.”

. It shares the same greek roots with the the word ‘agony’, so think about how much agony you cause your siblings when you tease and irritate them into get angry.

SMOTHER

Verb : to prevent the flow of oxygen or to kill somebody

“Taking a pillow to smother the victim by holding it firmly on top of her face is one way to cause the victim to die since she can’t breathe.”

. It literally means to deprive of oxygen so think of a suffocated room without any oxygen which can lead to your death.

SUNDRY

Noun : a group of unrelated things

“My grandmother decided to open a sundry store where people could buy an assortment of goods.”

. Think of the collection of all the clothes, sunglasses, pair of shoes that you have at your home when you see this word.

LANGUISH

Verb : to be or become weak or dull, lose strength, fail to make progress

“Away from the sunlight, the plant will languish and eventually die.”

. It comes from the latin word ‘languere’ which means “be weak or faint” .

HARDSHIP

Noun : adversity or difficulty

“The orphan’s  difficult childhood was characterized by hardship.”

. The word hard simply indicates towards it’s meaning ” something that is a hardship that is hard”.

CAMOUFLAGE

Verb : a means or attempt to hide something or being disguised

“The robbers wore large coats to camouflage their weapons from the securiety guards.”

. It comes from the french word ‘camoufler’, which was slang for ” to disguis”.

EXCURSION

Noun : a fun visit or outing

“We took a one day excursion to sunside beach only took us about four hour to get there.”

. The latin root for excursion is ‘excurrere’ meaning “to run out” means you runout for a bit to get some fresh air.

MUSHROOM

Verb : to grow quickly to a large size or to progress rapidly

“The mushroom development of technology will pave the way for improving our economy.”

. Think of the growth of mushrooms which is very fast when you see this word.

EXORBITANT

Adjective : unreasonably high amount of something, too much

“Even though i really need a laon, i can’t pay those exorbitant interest rates.”

.  Think of inflation which is growing day by day.

SWANKY

Adjective : imposingly fashionable and elegant or clothes – conscious, luxurious

“Shreya caught a cab across town and arrived at the swanky hotel in the south of the city.”

.  Think of any highly decorated thing like christmas tree or a bride when you see this word.

DISSENSION

Noun : difference in opinions

“The union is going through dissension on the issue of management’s offer of a small pay increase.”

. It comes from the french which means disaggrement or difference of opinions.

PROGNOSIS

Noun : the predicted or forseen outcome of a situation

“The infant was given an excellent prognosis after having heart surgery.”

. It comes from the greek word pro “before” and gnosis “knowledge” which means to know before hand.

SEDUCTIVE

Adjective : tempting or something that attracts

“Low indoor lightning combined with candle  and seductive music set the mood for a romantic weekend.”

. It comes from the latin word ‘seducere’ meaning “draw aside”.

DECIMATE

Verb : to destroy or greatly decrease in size or number

“A nuclear bomb will decimate most of the population in the region.”

. Think of blast in herosima which cost a lot of distruction.

ABATEMENT

Noun : the act of reduction in degree or intensity

“I hope this medicine will result in the abatement of the pain in my leg.”

. It comes from the french word for batter but does not usually have negative sense.

EFFERVESCENT

Adjective : an enthusiastic and lively personality

“The teacher called her personality effervescent because she was extremely bubbly.”

. It comes from the latin word ‘effervescere’ the orignal meaning was more boiling than bubbly, thanks to the ferv  part which means “hot” so someone who is bubbly is effervescent.

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