Noun. A belief or set of beliefs held by a group or body.
“The power of Karma is the most important doctrine of the Bhagwat Gita.”
- Doctrine come from the Latin word docere which means “to teach”, just like Bhagwat Gita’s doctrine teaches us the dive path of living.
Noun. A large or huge amount of something
“There is a plethora of educated youth who still remain unemployed in our country.”
- Plethora comes from the Greek word meaning “fullness” and was used in ancient medicine to mean too much blood in the body!
Noun. widespread destruction.
“The flood in Uttrakhand in 2013 caused havoc among the people living in Uttrakhand.”
- Think of all the things that can cause havoc, meaning destruction in your life: Hurricane, angry crowd, increasing petrol price, no internet!
Noun. The act of judging or rating someone’s work.
“RBI will soon be conducting cyber assessments of banks in public sector.”
- Remember how we had to give weekly assessments in school in the form of class test? That is assessment.
Adjective. Something or someone that can be easily damaged or broken.
“The latest iPhone 7s has a very fragile screen and must be handled with care.”
- Remember fragile=naazuk in hindi, just like the iPhone screens.
Noun. Quick increase in the number of amount of something.
“2017 has seen a proliferation in the number of start-up companies.”
- You can have proliferation of anything: body cells, population, nuclear reaction!
Adjective. Something that is clumsy and difficult to use.
“Personal computers are cumbersome to carry around everywhere, that’s why people prefer laptops over computers.”
- Best way to remember Cumbersome=Benedict Cumberbatch! Phew, that is a long name!
Noun. A treatment or plan that can solve something.
“Ginger tea is the best remedy for cold and cough.”
- Remember remedy=ready-made solution
Noun. Abusing, insulting or harming someone regularly
“Bullying and ragging students in college are forms of harassment that must be stopped.”
Verb. to push to the side or toss away.
“We must learn to jettison our sadness and live with the happiness we have.”
- The word Jettison derives its nautical meaning from the 15th century, about throwing cargo out of the boat if it starts leaking!
Noun. Something that causes pain, itching, or discomfort
“Pollution is the air in an irritant for the lungs and eyes.”
- Do you find the smell of chemicals, bleach and cutting onions painful? They are irritants to you.
Adjective. Something that is quick and on time.
“ATM machines promptly provide money when we need it.”
- See how quickly you can say the word, prompt=on time.
Verb. To start or begin something
“The ceremony will commence as soon as the chief guest arrives.”
- It’s a fancy way of saying “It will start”. So, instead use, “It will commence.”
Noun. an official vote on a specific issue by a political body.
“The world witnessed the European Union referendum which lead to the historic Brexit.”
- Referendum has been held in many countries like the United Kingdom, Scotland, Ireland. India too had 6 referendum in the past regarding its territory. Check them out!
Noun. a rebel or a revolutionary who takes up arms against the authorities.
“Indian freedom fighters were insurgents in the eyes of the British government.”
- Insurgent comes from the latin word insurgentum meaning “to rise against the people in power.”
Adverb. Where everyone agrees to something
“Parliament cannot pass a bill unless members of the Parliament unanimously vote for it.”
- It comes from the Latin word unanimus where unus means “one” and animus means “mind” literally meaning “one mind.”
Noun. a pardon for a wrongdoing
“The government offered a period of amnesty for everyone to deposit their black money.”
- Think about Amnesty International, which focuses on human rights and justice. They used the word Amnesty to ask pardon for people abused in any form.
Noun. To conduct a legal proceeding against someone for his criminal behaviour.
“The prosecution for Salman Khan found him guilty of killing the black buck.”
- It is a legal term. Best way to understand it is: Prosecution is the lawyer who will try to make the judge believe that the person on trial is guilty.
Adjective. done with force and energy
“The Indian Army goes through vigorous training and exercise to remain fit and strong.”
Adjective. More relaxed and merciful than expected
“I hope the teachers who check the Board examinations are lenient in marking.”
- Remember the school teacher who always gave you good marks: she is lenient.
Adjective. Related to farming, agriculture and rural matters
“India after post-independence was largely an agrarian economy.”
- Did you know the Indian festivals are based on the agrarian calendar? Festivals such as Baisakhi, Akshaye Tritiya celebrate the season of harvest.
Verb. To reach a point of highest development.
“My hard work throughout the year has culminated into getting highest marks in the exams.”
- SImilarly, all your hard work and preparation for the PO Exam will culminate into great results!
Noun. the restoration of friendly relations
“Diplomacy is the best reconciliation policy between two countries who are at war.”
- Reconciliation is also an accounting term which means, that the balance in a chequebook matches the corresponding bank statement. But you already knew that, didn’t you
Noun. is a system in which a country attempts to gain wealth through trade with other countries, exporting more than it imports and increasing stores of gold and precious metals. It is often considered to be an outdated system.
“Britishers were mercantilists who came to India to import raw material in their own country and export finished good into our country.”
- British colonisers practised this in 15th to 18th century, which increased their nation’s economic activity but ruined our country’s economy.
Noun. making someone angry or sometimes even violent
“Talking ill about someone’s parents can provoke a fight.”
- The bear was provoked into attacking the rowdy schoolboys, after they threw stones at him.