Noun. Unfair and abusive treatment towards a person or group
“Persecution of people based on their caste or religion is a crime.”
- Think of persecution like ragging in colleges. Both are unacceptable.
Noun. The embodiment of God on earth
“We must respect all creature for they are an incarnation of God himself.”
- The word Incarnation comes from the Latin word incarnatus which means to make flesh. Just like Lord Vishnu came in the incarnation of King Ram.
Noun. Violent and rowdy disturbance
“The New Year’s Eve celebration in Bangalore turned into a mayhem.”
- Mayhem is usually noticed in riots, mobs and protests that turn violent and out of control.
Adjective. Someone who inspired fear but at the same time is impressive
“The Kauravas faced a formidable group of enemies in the Pandava brothers.”
- This word formidable has interesting opposites in itself. The word is used for someone who scares and puts fear in us, and yet at the same time we are impressed by their abilities.
Adjective. Something that is widely available.
“The Deccan Plateau region has ubiquitous reserves of iron ore and mica present.”
- Think about having ubiquitous free Wi-Fi everywhere? Wouldn’t that be amazing?
Noun. A feeling of deep and bitter anger
“Keeping resentment towards people will only make your life miserable.”
- Think of resentment like an old twisted tree root, that goes deep and difficult to pull out. Such a resentment would ruin the tree.
Adjective. Something was started fresh and new by someone
“Mithun was the pioneering actor who brought disco dancing to Bollywood.”
- If you are the first one to do something for the first time, you are a pioneer. What pioneering act did you do? Share with us 🙂
Adjective. Quality of being maintained or continued
“Sustainable development is the most important need of the hour to save our planet.”
- Sustainable development has become the current mantra as it promotes development, which can be continued for generations without harming the earth.
Noun. The act of making you believe or do something
“Lawyers have to be good at persuasion to win the case for their client.”
- Also, good salesman, marketing head, and politicians must have the quality of persuasion to be successful at their job.
Noun. Hatred towards something
“I have an abhorrence for bloodshed and violence.”
- You could also have an abhorrence for squash or what we call “tinde ki sabzi”!
Noun. To spread negative information about someone
“Business competitors often resort to vilification to bring the price of shares down.”
- Do you see how the word vilification sounds like villain? That is because vilification means to show someone as being bad as a villain.
Noun. Something that serves as an evidence
“The increasing FDI is a testimony to the economic benefit of the Liberalization, Privatization and globalization policies.”
- Testimony is a common word in legal and official documents. You need testimony in courts, you also need testimony of your previous employers when applying for a new job. So, think of it this way, testimony=witness.
Noun. The most important point or problem
“Coding is the crux of learning computer programming and creating new software.”
- Think about the time when you watch a detective movie, the moment the criminal is revealed, that is the crux of the movie!
Adjective. Something that goes on continuously without stopping
“Night and day is possible because of the incessant process of rotation of the earth on its axis.”
- In Latin, cessare means “to stop”, the prefix in- means the opposite. So, incessant means something that never stops.
Noun. Someone who came before something.
“The predecessor of the current RBI Governor, Urjit Patel, was Raghuram Rajan who held the position for 3 years.”
- For instance, the number 99 is the predecessor of the number 100.
Adjective. Someone who is careful in what he/she says
“The news channels should be discreet in the news they broadcast since it is nationally viewed.”
- For instance, if you are talking in between class, you should be discreet about!
Adjective. Something that is unstable or likely to fall
“Due to the rain last time, the precarious branch of the tree fell down and blocked the road.”
- It is a precarious position to place the glass too close to the edge of the table, as it could fall and break.
Noun. A loud and strong explanation to make you do something
“School teachers give long exhortations to explain the importance of studying.”
- The powerful speeches by famous figures like Jawaharlal Nehru, they are example of exhortation to encourage the people of the country.
Noun. The quality of being easy to do
“Internet has made accessing information a feasible task, for the common man.”
- Metro has made travelling feasible in Delhi!
Noun. An official association to something
“Most schools in Delhi are CBSE affiliated schools.”
- Just like schools are affiliated to the ISC Board, Universities are affiliated to the UGC.
Adjective. Intending to force into something
“The police authority was coercive in breaking the crowd of rioters.”
- Coercive comes from the Latin word coercere which means to control or restrain,
Noun. Systematic destruction of a race or cultural group
“Hitler ordered the genocide of the Jews, who lived in Germany during Holocaust.”
- The term genocide was coined in 1944 by a Polish-Jewish scholar named, Raphael Lemkin in response to the crimes of the Holocaust.
Adjective. Clear and understandable
“Lucid writing is important in journalism to make it easier for readers to understand the news.”
- Lucid comes from the Latin word lucidus meaning “light or clear”, with its root word lux meaning “light and clarity”.
Adjective. Wild and out of control
“Crimes against women have become rampant in recent years in the country.”
- For instance, when you talk about the increasing price of petrol, you can instead talk about the rampant rise in the price of petrol.
Adjective. Harmless in nature.
“A little chocolate every day is innocuous for your health.”
- Innocuous comes from the Latin word nocere meaning “to injure or harm”, the prefix in- makes the meaning opposite of its Latin root word.